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Musculoskeletal problems

What is the musculoskeletal system? 

The musculoskeletal system of your body includes all the structures that ensure that You can stand upright and move around. This includes the bones, joints, ligaments and tendons as well as the muscle and fascia system. 

What are possible causes of complaints in the musculoskeletal system?

Discomforts in the musculoskeletal system can have very different causes:

Back pain

Apart from specific illnesses or injuries, most people suffer from rather unspecific symptoms. It is often poor posture or incorrect strain that causes the typical back symptoms. In most cases, you don't need to worry because back pain usually disappears after a few days, or at the latest after two weeks.

However, back pain can occur again and again. The pain is not limited to one age group. They also appear in young people and can increase with age. The 30 to 50 year old age group particularly often struggles with pain attacks. The proportion of women who suffer from back pain is significantly higher in every age group than among men of the same age. Women are affected much more often, especially when it comes to chronic back pain.

Joint pain

Is is it arthrosis, rheumatism or maybe gout? Or maybe just bursitis? Joint pain can have many different causes and occurs in different locations. It can only affect a single joint or several joints, only small joints (such as the fingers) or large joints (such as the hip joint). They can occur acutely or chronically. Sometimes they only occur at rest (rest pain) or at night (night pain).

Overall, joint pain is a common phenomenon; it is estimated that almost half of all people suffer from joint pain after the age of 45. If you have limited mobility of the painful joint, fever, red skin over the painful joint or a severely swollen joint, a visit to us is definitely recommended.

Muscle pain

You have around 650 muscles that are distributed over your entire body and take on a wide variety of functions. If these are used excessively, muscle pain occurs. Exercise is also a common cause of muscle pain. This can be harmless muscle soreness or strains or bruises as a result of sports accidents. This type of pain goes away relatively quickly. If muscle pain occurs without there being tension or a sports injury, the cause can also be an illness.

Static and postural problems

The “spine” system has a dynamic structure in order to react flexibly to movement and vibration. Their normal design has four curves when viewed from the side. Even small deviations from your normal statics can have serious consequences and cause problems. 

An important cause of poor posture is incorrect posture. If you have worked hard physically for years or sit for hours, for example at work, this promotes poor posture. Your spine and the associated muscles are constantly subjected to one-sided strain. This sometimes leads to a protective posture and your muscles tense up.

Over time, this can throw the entire muscular support layer of the spine out of balance: strong muscle packs form in tense areas, while muscle mass continues to decrease on the opposite side. This strengthens and worsens the poor posture and results in postural damage that can no longer be compensated for.


Pain and grinding are typical signs of joint wear, also called arthrosis. If the symptoms get worse, they can severely limit your mobility. Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint, but most commonly in the knee, hip or spine. Older people are mostly affected by joint wear. Sometimes osteoarthritis develops in middle age. In the case of severe, chronic symptoms, a joint replacement may be necessary.


The term Rheumatism includes many different diseases of the musculoskeletal and musculoskeletal system, which are often associated with pain and restricted movement. The entire musculoskeletal system, but also internal organs or the entire body can be affected. The exact cause of inflammatory rheumatic diseases is usually unknown. Rheumatism can occur at any age. 


The Gout usually develops over several years. The phase in which an increased level of uric acid develops in the blood without showing any symptoms is called “asymptomatic hyperuricemia”. Over time, pointed, sharp-edged uric acid crystals can build up, especially in the joints and kidneys, and cause inflammation.


In Osteoporosis the mass, quality and strength of the bones are reduced and their fragility is increased. Osteoporosis can occur in both women and men of all ages, but its incidence increases in older people. Osteoporosis is an insidious disease and usually only causes symptoms in advanced stages. The first signs can be a decrease in height or back pain. 

What can I do if I have problems with the musculoskeletal system?

If you frequently have problems with your musculoskeletal system, it makes sense to see a doctor. Make an appointment directly at one of our Avi Medical practices. With the help of a detailed anamnesis discussion and a physical examination, we look for the cause together and work out an individual therapy together.