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Crohn's disease

Avi Medical helps you with Crohn's disease

This incurable, chronic inflammatory intestinal disease manifests itself in symptoms that occur in fits and starts, which massively reduce the quality of life of those affected. Yes: an early diagnosis and targeted therapy can effectively alleviate the symptoms . Our experienced doctors are at your side in the fight against Crohn's disease at all of our locations.

What is Crohn's disease?

Crohn's disease, like ulcerative colitis, is one of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. While those affected by ulcerative colitis are usually between twenty and thirty-five years old at the beginning of the disease, Crohn's disease occurs earlier. 

As with ulcerative colitis, the trigger for Crohn's disease is not yet known.

The disease is characterized characterized by changes in the mucous membraneand intestinal wall. These allow bacteria and other pathogens to penetrate the organ. Benign intestinal bacteria are displaced or into wall layers that are foreign to them pressed. The result is an inflammatory reaction in the intestines. This can vary in severity and duration and can occur both in bursts and continuously. 

Crohn's disease usually affects the end of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. In rare cases also the esophagus or stomach. 

In contrast to ulcerative colitis, the persistent inflammation of the organ follows a discontinuous pattern. This means: healthy intestinal sections alternate with healthy ones.

When does it become Crohn's disease?

For a reliable diagnosis of Crohn's disease, the following are the following ulcerative colitis several medical steps are necessary

At the beginning of the diagnosis, other potential diseases must first be ruled out /strong>, which trigger symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea. These include, among others, infections, cancer or irritable bowel syndrome. This is followed by the anamnesis and physical examinations such as an endoscopy, which is typical  Signs of intestinal inflammation should show (such as swelling of the mucous membranes and bleeding). A biopsy is used to confirm the final diagnosis. In rare cases, an MRI scan supplements the diagnosis.

What are the triggers of Crohn's disease?

Proven triggers for Crohn's disease are not yet known. However, the most common risk factors for its development include:

  • genetic predisposition (several genes are now associated with Crohn's disease)
  • smoking 

What are possible symptoms of Crohn's disease?

Among the typical, oftensymptoms of Crohn's disease that occur in fits and starts include: 

  • severe diarrhea, in some cases replaced by Phases of constipation (due to intestinal strictures or intestinal obstruction)
  • Protrusions in the lower abdomen (due to intestinal adhesions)
  • Redness, swelling and pain in the anal area (due to fistulas)  ;
  • Problems absorbing important nutrients and vitamins
  • Weight loss and stunted growth (in children)
  • Anemia
  • “Fat stools” (recognizable by yellow discoloration)
  • Dry skin and hair loss
  • Joint, eye and and biliary problems
  • Aphthae and pustules in the oral mucosa with swelling of the lips
  • Very painful skin changes, sometimes visible as blisters, with sore and deep open areas

The treatment of Crohn's disease at Avi MedicalThe Comprehensive treatment of Morbus at Avi Medical begins with early diagnosis. Medical measures on which this is based are:

  • Compiling an anamnesis
  • Abdominal sonography
  • Exclusion of other diseases
  • Blood and stool examination to assess the inflammatory reaction
  • Laboratory check for possible impaired absorption of nutrients from food

The diagnosis is followed by targeted therapy. This includes: 

  • avoiding nicotine or difficult-to-digest foods
  • medicinal substitution of important vitamins and minerals
  • Preparations such as cortisone (as an enema, suppository or tablet for acute flare-ups) or other immunosuppressants, antibiotics for additional bacterial infections and other medications as prophylaxis between flare-ups

In very rare, severe cases and in medication failure therapy in the hospital is expanded to include surgical measures.