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What is migraine?

Migraine is a paroxysmal headache that recurs at irregular intervals. The headache is pulsating, throbbing or stabbing and often occurs on one side of the head. Migraine attacks last from a few hours to three days. The pain is usually accompanied by vegetative symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, fear of noise and light and hypersensitivity to noise and smells. Around 10 percent of the world's population suffers from migraines, that is around 758 million people. 1.7 to 4% of them have a migraine attack on more than 15 days a month. In Germany, around 10 to 30% of the population are affected by recurring headaches. Of these, around 15% suffer from the special form of migraine with aura. Women are affected by migraines approximately three times more often than men.

Overall, headaches are one of the most common complaints, which is why patients visit us as family doctors. Just over half suffer from a tension-type headache, 38% from migraines and the rest from headaches that are actually caused by an illness. You have to differentiate between a headache that is triggered by chronic use of medication. This can be very similar to migraines.

What are the causes of migraines?

Certain internal and external factors, so-called triggers, If you have the right predisposition, they can promote migraines. For example, changing sleep-wake rhythms, hormonal changes during the cycle, stress in the form of physical or mental stress but also certain foods such as chocolate or red wine.

What should I do if I suffer from migraines?

Make an appointment in one of our Avi Medical practices. With the help of a structured conversation, a pain diary and a clinical examination, we will try to narrow down the type of headache and, in the case of a typical migraine, initiate the right treatment. Everyone has individual trigger factors that can trigger a migraine attack. These must also be clarified through a detailed examination of the medical history.