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TBE vaccination

What is TBE?

The abbreviation TBE means “tick-borne encephalitis”. This is an inflammation of the brain, meninges or spinal cord that is caused by viruses. These viruses are usually transmitted through tick bites. TBE occurs primarily in southern Germany, and the main transmission period is between April and November.

After being bitten by a TBE-infected tick, approximately one in three people become ill with flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, Vomiting or dizziness. However, in around one in ten sufferers, a second peak of the disease occurs after around a week, involving the central nervous system. Complications such as paralysis or altered consciousness or even coma can occur and remain permanent. In Germany, adults aged 40 and over are most likely to become ill.

Who and when should be vaccinated?

The Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) recommends this Vaccination against TBE for all people who are or live in TBE areas and who could be bitten by ticks. This applies to everyone who frequently spends time in nature: This includes walkers, campers, cyclists, joggers, but also forestry workers and agricultural workers. City parks and gardens are also habitats for ticks. In addition, a TBE vaccination may be necessary when traveling to foreign countries.

Three vaccinations are required for basic immunization. According to the usual vaccination schedule, the second vaccination dose is administered one to three months after the first vaccination. A third vaccination is then given after a further 5 to 12 or 9 to 12 months, depending on the vaccine used.
In order to be protected for the current year at the beginning of the tick season from April, it makes sense to start the vaccination series to begin in the winter months.

Booster vaccinations are required either after 3 or 5 years, depending on your age.

How is the vaccination carried out and what needs to be taken into account?

The TBE vaccination is a dead vaccine. The vaccination is given in your upper arm muscle.

The most common vaccination reactions described are pain, redness or swelling at the injection site. These symptoms also occur with other vaccinations and indicate that the body is dealing with the vaccine.

Within the first four days after vaccination, general symptoms such as increased temperature and fever, headache, Muscle and joint pain, malaise or gastrointestinal complaints occur.

As a rule, the described reactions to the vaccination subside quickly and without consequences. They occur mainly with the first vaccination and less frequently with subsequent vaccinations.

What should I do?

To check whether you have vaccination protection or whether a vaccination would make sense, simply make an appointment to check your vaccination status at one of our Avi Medical practices and discuss it contact our medical team. The team will advise you in detail whether you are already protected or whether you should receive a vaccination. The doctors will also check whether there are other vaccinations that would be useful for you and, if necessary, will carry them out directly.