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Cholesterol and hypercholesterolemia

How Avi Medical can help you with cholesterol

More than fifty percent of the German population between the ages of 18 and 79 has too much cholesterol in their blood . The problem: This hypercholesterolemia can have numerous health consequences. For example, the development of serious vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. Early diagnosis and targeted treatment is therefore essential. Avi Medical supports you at all of our locations.

What is hypercholesterolemia?

The clinical picture of hypercholesterolemia describes an increased level of cholesterol in the blood. 

Cholesterol is a so-called isoprenoid and therefore an essential building block of numerous plant and animal natural substances. As such, it is found in food, but is also produced by the body itself. 

Its tasks: Cholesterol is a component of cell membranes and in this function is important for their stability and deformability. It also serves as “packaging” for molecules that are transported through the organism, forms the precursor for important hormones and bile acids and is ultimately also an essential part of the body’s own vitamin D synthesis.

When does it become hypercholesterolemia?

The clinical picture of hypercholesterolemia becomes apparent in the blood from a total cholesterol value of more than 190mg/dL diagnosed. From 240mg/dL upwards, cholesterol is considered to be strongly elevated. 

The exact The composition of the elevated cholesterol can vary from person to person.

Because: Cholesterol comes into the body in different forms of transport “ before. The so-called “good” cholesterol is HDL. LDL is again considered “bad” cholesterol because it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.  

Depending on the severity of the cholesterol Anomaly can be either the total cholesterol value or just the LDL. In contrast, the good cholesterol HDL is often even reduced in hypercholesterolemia.

What are the triggers of hypercholesterolemia?

The possible triggers of hypercholesterolemia include: 

  • genetic predisposition (e.g. familial hypercholesterolemia)
  • malnutrition (alcohol, too many trans fats and saturated fatty acids from highly processed foods)
  • Lack of exercise
  • Previous illnesses, such as hypothyroidism, kidney damage and diabetes mellitus type 2
  • pregnancy
  • certain medications such as hormone supplements and AIDS medications

What are the symptoms of hypercholesterolemia?

Hypercholesterolemia is usually asymptomatic for a long time and is often only discovered through accompanying and secondary symptoms. These include:

  • Artherosclerotic events (heart attack, stroke)
  • Lipid deposits in the skin (yellow spots or nodules)
  • Hepatic steatosis

Treatment of hypercholesterolemia at Avi MedicalSuccessful treatment of hypercholesterolemia begins with early diagnosis. At Avi Medical, this includes holistic screening consisting of the following components:

  • Preparation of an anamnesis (also family anamnesis)
  • Laboratory examination (total cholesterol)
  • If the result is abnormal, the LDL, HDL and triglycerol (“blood fat”) values ​​are also determined

Subsequent therapy includes, depending on the severity of the hypercholesterolemia, the following measures: 

  • lifestyle change (healthy diet and sufficient physical activity)
  • supporting: medication (e.g. Statins alone or with other lipid-lowering drugs in combination) 

In the final step, our experienced doctors ensure with a comprehensive aftercareyour continued health. This includes: 

  • regular laboratory checks
  • for patients at high risk, additional examinations such as an ultrasound of the liver  ;