For all health insurance and private patients
left arrow

Avi Medical helps you with Alzheimer's

Alzheimer's dementia is an incurable, degenerative memory disorder that is prevalent in Germany affects a million people. However: Although the disease is irreversible, comprehensive therapy can slow its progression and alleviate the symptoms. Our experienced doctors will accompany you at all of our locations.

What is Alzheimer's dementia?

With a proportion of over fifty percent, Alzheimer's dementia is the most common form of the dementia symptom complex. The clinical picture is characterized by progressive memory impairment, which is marked by the loss of nerve tissue in the cerebrum. 

It is also typical for Amyloid plaque deposits in the organ. The result of these brain anomalies, which have not yet been completely clarified, arecognitive impairments, which range from a loss of the ability to orientate up to Unlearning skills that have already been learned are enough. 

When does it become Alzheimer's dementia?

For certain diagnosis of dementia those potentially affected must have:

  • present symptoms at least six months
  • Disturbances of higher cognitive abilities can be proven in the laboratory 
  • Disorders of consciousness (e.g. delirium) can be ruled out 
  • the sensory organs work normally as far as possible

For the specific diagnosis of Alzheimer's dementia, patients also show:

  • a memory disorder with a gradual onset
  • problems with social interaction
  • accumulation of certain proteins in the brain fluid< /li>
  • Loss of brain mass visible in CT or MRI in places typical of Alzheimer's (especially the temporal lobe and hippocampus) 

What are the triggers of Alzheimer's dementia?

The triggers of Alzheimer's dementia are not conclusively clarified to date. At this point in time, however, the following are suspected of causing the clinical picture:

  • Deposits of misfolded proteins in the brain (beta-amyloids)
  • genetic predisposition. Many of those affected have relatives with Alzheimer's dementia

Good to know: While their triggers are unknown, there are proven protective factors that reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's dementia. These include: 

  • a high level of education
  • many close social contacts

What are possible symptoms of Alzheimer's dementia?

The accompanying symptoms of Alzheimer's dementia, which also occur in other forms of dementia, include: 

  • a deterioration in memory and associated restrictions in daily life. These include, for example, problems finding paths or operating devices
  • Disturbances of concentration and orientation (in time, place and later towards oneself). For example, those affected forget where they are and, as the illness progresses, personal characteristics such as their own name or birthday Alzheimer's dementia is also characterized by a number of specific early and late symptoms. Above all, the former are hardly noticeable at first because those affected often consciously ignore or compensate for them. 
  • The early symptoms include: 
    • mild depression
    • Problems with smelling
    • Decrease in motivation
  • To the Late symptoms include:
    • Problems naming objects
    • Problems when reading, calculating and drawing
    • sudden silence
    • delusional symptoms up to hallucinations
    • daytime disorders Nocturnal rhythm
    • Incontinence
  • Treatment of Alzheimer's dementia at Avi Medical
  • The first step in the comprehensive treatment of Alzheimer's dementia is the diagnosis. For us at Avi Medical, this includes:
    • ruling out a temporary memory problem (by taking an anamnesis and physical examinations)
    • Neurological examinations including memory test 
    • Blood test for vitamin deficiencies or inflammation 
    • if necessary, cerebrospinal fluid examination (cerebrospinal fluid puncture)
    • CT of the head (by a specialist)
  • The targeted therapy follows > Alzheimer's dementia, which is intended to slow down its progression and alleviate the symptoms. This includes:
    • special training. Here, those affected and their relatives receive help and tips on preserving their memory as well as guidelines on how to behave in everyday situations influenced by illness
    • non-drug therapies (occupational therapy, exercise therapy)
    • Medication options to combat cognitive decline (anti-dementia drugs) and accompanying symptoms (such as antidepressants for depression)