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Tetanus vaccination

What is tetanus?

The so-called tetanus is hidden behind it. This is an infection caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which occurs worldwide. The bacterium hides in the soil, and even small wounds, scratches or punctures with a splinter or thorn are enough for the bacterium to enter your body. The toxins that the bacterium secretes cause severe cramps and paralysis in the muscles by damaging the nerve cells that control the muscles. The facial muscles are typically affected initially. If the poison gets into the muscles of the larynx or chest, it can lead to suffocation.  
Even if tetanus diseases are extremely rare in Germany thanks to high vaccination rates, vaccination protection is worthwhile. Because the source of infection remains and even with early treatment, tetanus can still be fatal today.

Who and when should be vaccinated?

These vaccinations are relevant for every age group. Vaccination protection against tetanus (basic immunization) is usually built up in childhood.

Booster vaccinations for adults with complete basic immunization should be given every 10 years possibly earlier after injuries. This usually occurs in combination with diptheria, possibly also with pertussis and polio.  

How is the vaccination carried out and what needs to be taken into account?

The tetanus vaccination is an inactivated vaccine and is usually carried out as a combination vaccination. The vaccination takes place in the upper arm muscle.

The vaccination is well tolerated. Very often, the stimulation of the body's own immune system causes redness or swelling at the injection site, which can also be painful. Rarely, general symptoms such as a rise in temperature, chills, fatigue, muscle pain or gastrointestinal complaints can occur in the first three days after vaccination. Such vaccination reactions usually subside after one to three days.

What should I do?

To check whether you have vaccination protection, simply make an appointment to check your vaccination status at one of our Avi Medical practices and discuss it with our team of doctors. They will advise you in detail whether you are already protected or whether you should receive a vaccination. The doctors will also check whether there are other vaccinations that would be useful for you and, if necessary, will carry them out directly.