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Type 1 diabetes

How Avi Medical can help you

As a diabetic, quick access to medical advice and appropriate medicationis essential. During your first consultation, our competent doctors in our Avi Medical practices will clarify with you which symptoms are bothering you and find the suitable therapy for you.

What is type 1 diabetes mellitus?

In diabetes mellitus type 1, as in diabetes mellitus type 2, there is high blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that often develops in childhood and adolescence. Those affected produce no insulin or only an insufficient amount of insulin.

Around 10% of those suffering from diabetes have type 1 diabetes. The so-called LADA diabetes (latent autoimmune diabetes in adults), however, affects adults after the age of 30. Unlike diabetes mellitus type 2, in type 1 (and LADA diabetes) antibodies are formed against insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The cells slowly die and are no longer able to produce insulin sufficiently or at all. We then speak of absolute insulin deficiency. This is a problem because your body needs insulin as a “key” to allow sugar into its cells. Therefore, type 1 diabetes ultimately needs to be treated permanently with insulin.

What are possible symptoms? What are the consequences?

Symptoms such as rapid and noticeable weight loss, increased urination, extreme thirst or abdominal pain lead to suspicion of this disease. If you experience these symptoms, an appointment with a doctor as soon as possible for further clarification is advisable. This form of diabetes can quickly lead to a life-threatening situation.
Consequences of non-treatment are metabolic derailment (ketoacidosis), which can be fatal. Blood vessels, organs and nerves can also be damaged.

Treatment of type 1 diabetes at Avi Medical

A simple blood test can be used to determine whether the symptoms are actually due to diabetes mellitus. In order to avoid long-term consequences of chronically high blood sugar levels, it is necessary to ensure good blood sugar control using insulin therapy that is individually tailored to you. A supplementary connection to a diabetological practice is recommended. We are happy to help you find a suitable practice and are always in close contact with you about your therapy.
With intensified insulin therapy (ICT), patients inject once or twice a day a long-acting insulin. In addition to meals, an extra dose of rapid insulin is given.
Those affected must regularly check their blood sugar and estimate the carbohydrate content of the meal in order to be able to calculate the sufficient amount of insulin. A training course that is carried out after the diagnosis teaches the necessary basics.