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Hepatitis B vaccination

What is hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is an inflammation of the liver that is caused by the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. The virus is highly contagious and is transmitted from person to person through blood, body fluids, sexual contact and blood substitutes. Many hepatitis B virus infections are asymptomatic or cause only mild symptoms and are therefore often not recognized in adults. In 10% of those infected, serious consequences of chronic infection occur, such as liver cirrhosis (“scarring” of the liver) and hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer).

Who should be vaccinated against hepatitis B?

Should you travel to North America, Australia , Central Africa or Southeast Asia, you should get vaccinated, as the frequency of chronically infected people is highest here. This applies in particular if there are risk factors, for example close contact with the local population, possible sexual contacts, travel abroad for the purpose of medical procedures (e.g. dental treatment, cosmetic surgery), dialysis treatment while traveling, a long-term stay in countries with limited medical care, Tattoos, piercings or even an occupational risk.

How and when is the hepatitis B vaccination carried out and what must be taken into account?

The hepatitis B vaccination is an inactivated vaccine and is often given in combination with hepatitis A.
The basic immunization consists of three vaccinations within 6 months. Complete protection only occurs after the third vaccination. If you are in a hurry due to a spontaneous trip, there is also a rapid vaccination scheme.  
According to STIKO, routine booster vaccinations against hepatitis B are not planned. A booster vaccination is only recommended if there is a particular risk.

In general, the vaccination is very well tolerated. However, 10% of those vaccinated experience short-term general health problems such as headaches or fatigue.

Do I have to get vaccinated against hepatitis B?

To find out which vaccinations are for If your planned trip makes sense, simply make an appointment for travel medical advice at one of our Avi Medical practices and discuss it with our team of doctors. The team will tell you what you should consider so that you can be safe and relaxed on your next trip.