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House dust allergy

Avi Medical can help you with a house dust allergy

Sniffles, sneezing, watery eyes: Millions of people in Germany suffer from this a house dust allergy. A clinical picture that should definitely be taken seriously. Ultimately, long-lasting symptoms can seriously damage your bronchi. Our doctors at Avi Medical will help you with the long-term treatment of your allergy at all our locations.

What is a house dust allergy?

House dust allergy, like all allergies, is an unfounded defensive reaction of the body to supposedly dangerous, foreign particles. In the event of serious contact, the body marks these as a “danger” (antigen) and fights them afterwards in a similar way to harmful viruses or bacteria. 

That means: It forms immune cells (antibodies) around the supposed pathogen to eliminate. The result: The next time you come into contact with the allergens, the body has an excessive immune reaction, which is intended to quickly expel the intruders from the organism. These include well-known symptoms such as a runny nose or sneezing.   

Good to know: House dust allergy belongs to the general group of allergic rhinitis, i.e. diseases that irritate the nose. If this irritation is accompanied by irritation of the conjunctiva, doctors speak of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. 

In contrast to Hay fever, which occurs seasonally, house dust allergy is considered  perennial and can appear all year round.

When is Is it a house dust allergy?

The presence of a house dust allergy is usually diagnosed using a so-called prick and intracutaneous test diagnosis.  This makes it possible to rule out that the body's pathological reaction is due to other causes  (such as an infection)..   

During the examination, allergenic particles are applied to or under the skin of potential allergy sufferers. If the skin reacts with redness or hives after twenty minutes, an allergy is diagnosed. 

The prick and intracutaneous test is particularly suitable for allergies of type 1, the so-called “immediate type reactions”, because these cause immediate symptoms. 

An alternative to this form of diagnosis is the detection of elevated IgE antibodies (immunoglobulin E) in the blood. These substances help the organism to fight off foreign substances.

What triggers a house dust allergy?

The triggers of a house dust allergy are specific, objectively harmless allergens, such as dust, which are marked by the body as dangerous pathogens.

What are possible symptoms of a house dust allergy?

To the typical symptoms of a  Allergic rhinitis include: 

  • runny nose
  • itchy nose
  • Sneezing
  • Difficulties with nasal breathing
  • in the event that allergens come into contact with the oral mucosa: itching of the tongue, palate and throat < /li>

If it is an allergic conjunctivitis add: 

  • itchy, red or watery eyes

Treatment of a house dust allergy at Avi Medical

The first step in treating an acute house dust allergy is taking antihistamines and steroids (cortisone), which suppress the body's immune reaction in the short term. These are available as a nasal spray, eye drops or tablets.   

This symptomatic therapy only relieves your symptoms inadequate or ifasthma also occurs as a clinical picture: allergen immunotherapy is then carried out. 

We will be happy to refer you to a specialist for further diagnostics and to clarify whether immunotherapy is an option for you.