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How Avi Medical can help you if you have a stroke

In Germany, 270,000 people suffer a stroke every year. A clinical picture that in up to 85 percent of cases is based on an ischemic cause (circulatory disorder). 

In order to rule out long-term consequences, it is crucial to act as quickly as possible in the worst case scenario. However, proper prevention is just as important in the fight against this group of chronic cardiovascular diseases. Our doctors from Avi Medical are available to assist you at all of our locations.

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a acute undersupply of the brain, followed by a heart attack. This tissue destruction of the organ causesdepending on the area of ​​the brain affectedphysical failure symptoms, such as vision and smell disorders > or paralysis.   

A possible precursor to this clinical picture is the so-called transient ischemic attack (TIA). This also leads to an undersupply of the brain, but without tissue destruction and the resulting failure symptoms. A TIA usually does not cause any subsequent damage, but it does increase the risk of developing a stroke - especially in the first days and weeks after the attack. 

When does it become a stroke?

An ischemic stroke is caused by a local circulatory disorder and therefore Insufficient supply of the brain is diagnosed. 

A second group of this clinical picture, the hemorrhagic (bloody) stroke, is again caused by aneurological dysfunction recognized. The trigger for this is ableeding (e.g. due to a fall) or thespontaneous ruptureof an abnormal vascular dilatation.

What are the triggers of a stroke?

To the possible triggers of a < strong id="">ischemic strokeinclude, among other things:

  • Embolism (small blood clots), which are caused by cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation) or inflammation of the in the heart, reach the brain with the bloodstream and block smaller vessels there
  • Atherosclerosis 
  • a splitting and thus narrowing of the artery walls (dissection)
  • High blood pressure 

A hemorrhagic stroke can in turnhave the following triggers : 

  • Spontaneous bleeding without identifiable causes
  • Bleeding due to increased blood pressure or injured vessels 
  • Diseases of the vascular walls due to age-related deposits of certain proteins 
  • Medicines (such as one too high dosage of anticoagulants)
  • Congenital vascular malformations 
  • Tumor diseases 
  • Cranial brain injuries

What are possible symptoms of a stroke?

How to recognize a stroke depending on the area of ​​the brain affected based on the following typical and usually sudden symptoms: 

  • One-sided movement disorders (paralysis of the left foot and arm, with no symptoms on the right side of the body)
  • Speech and vision disorders (such as problems finding words or impaired speech fluency)

Additional possible symptoms include: 

  • Sensation disorders (unilateral or e.g. only affecting the upper or lower extremities)
  • Impairment of fine motor skills (e.g. when writing or grasping)
  • Gait and balance disorders

Are the lower ones Areas of the brain (small horn or brainstem) are affected, particularly serious symptoms occur. These include: 

  • Disorders of consciousness from delirium to coma
  • Paralysis of all limbs
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Respiratory paralysis

Treating a stroke at Avi Medical

A  Acute stroke requires rapid diagnosis and immediate therapy with admission to the hospital > in the nearest clinic. Ideally, there will be a unit that specializes in strokes (the Stroke Unit). 

If the worst comes to the worst, treat our experienced doctors will advise you as follows:

  • Recanalization of the affected constriction through drug lysis therapy (dissolution of the thrombus) or mechanically through a small Catheter and, if necessary, insertion of a stent
  • in the event of a hemorrhagic stroke: pressure relief by draining the blood that has accumulated in the skull

Avi Medical also ensures the aftercare of successfully treated strokes through following measures:

  • Drug prophylaxis
  • Regular checks of blood values ​​and blood pressure 

And to prevent a stroke from occurring in the first place - for us at Avi Medical prevention is a must important building block. This consists of the following:   

  • Consistent screening for risk factors
  • Treatment of existing risk factors Setting blood pressure, blood sugar, weight and cholesterol levels to optimal values
  • Regular physical activity
  • Avoid nicotine and alcohol
  • Early detection and (medicinal) treatment of cardiac arrhythmias