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MMR vaccination

Your mumps-measles-rubella vaccination at Avi Medical

The triple combination measles-mumps-rubella vaccination (MMR) also protects young people and adults from the diseases mumps, measles and rubella. Most people are vaccinated as children. If you are unsure whether you have vaccination protection, simply make an appointment to check your vaccination status at one of our Avi Medical practices and discuss it with our team of doctors. In this context, our team also checks whether further vaccinations need to be carried out or refreshed.

What are mumps, measles and rubella?

Measles and Mumps are very contagious viral diseases that are widespread worldwide. An illness can cause serious complications and secondary illnesses in children, adolescents and adults. Rubella is an infectious disease that often has no symptoms. However, a rubella infection during pregnancy can cause serious harm to the unborn child. The triple combination vaccination measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) protects you against the diseases and their possible consequences.

Measles is one of the most contagious infectious diseases in humans. It is caused by measles viruses, which are widespread worldwide. Measles is transmitted from person to person, for example when sneezing or speaking (droplet infection). Almost all people without appropriate immune protection become ill after coming into contact with the virus. That's why the World Health Organization (WHO) has set itself the goal of a world without measles patients.

More than half of the measles cases in Germany today affect young people and adults up to the age of around 40. Flu-like symptoms such as high fever, cough and runny nose are typical. It is only a few days later that the typical measles rash develops, which begins on the face and behind the ears and then spreads over the entire body.

Measles weakens the immune system over a longer period of time, even after recovery. Measles can lead to serious complications, especially in children under 5 years of age and adults over 20 years of age. These include middle ear or pneumonia and diarrhea, and more rarely, encephalitis. In addition, long-term effects can also occur after a measles infection.

Who and when should receive the MMR vaccination?

The Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) recommends that all adults born after 1970 not or . were vaccinated against measles only once in childhood, one vaccination against measles. She particularly recommends the vaccination to all those who work in the health service, in community facilities (e.g. kindergarten) or in the care of people with severely weakened immune systems.

Good to know: According to the Measles Protection Act, parents must prove that their children from the age of one year have received the vaccinations against measles recommended by the STIKO before entering a community facility such as a kindergarten or school. A booster vaccination later is usually not necessary.

How is the MMR vaccination carried out and what needs to be taken into account?

The MMR vaccination Vaccination is a live vaccine. The vaccination is carried out in the upper arm.

The vaccination is well tolerated. The stimulation of the body's own immune system often leads to redness or swelling at the injection site, which can also be painful. In the first three days after the vaccination, general symptoms such as a moderate increase in temperature, chills, headaches, fatigue or gastrointestinal complaints can also occur for a short time. Such vaccination reactions usually subside after one to three days.

Since it is a vaccination with live, weakened viruses, temporarily non-contagious "vaccine measles" occurs in around two to five out of 100 vaccinated people one to four weeks after the vaccination: typical for this is fever, associated with a mild measles-like rash. In addition, the parotid gland or testicles can swell and the joints can hurt. Longer-lasting joint inflammation has also been observed in adolescents and adults.