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Disc prolapse

Avi Medical can help you with a herniated disc


In Germany, over 100,000 people suffer from a Herniated disc. 

In order to rule out long-term consequences, comprehensive therapy is necessary if the worst comes to the worst crucial. Our experienced doctors are here to help you atall our locations.

What is a herniated disc?

The herniated disc refers to a pathological complication of the intervertebral discs. These “shock springs” of the spine are located between the individual vertebral bodies. 

The individual intervertebral discs consist of an outer fibrous ring and an inner gelatinous core. When a disc herniates, cracks develop in the outer fibrous ring and the inner gelatinous nucleus protrudes. The leaked tissue now presses on the nerves of the spinal cord, which damages them or even cuts them off completely. The result is severe pain up to sensory disturbances and paralysis. 

When does it become a herniated disc?

The herniated disc can categorize into three stages depending on the extent. This results in different diagnoses. These are: 

  • the disc protrusion (bulging disc). The disc nucleus is only slightly displaced
  • the disc prolapse (herniated disc). The intervertebral disc nucleus is displaced and so damaged that tissue is leaking out of the disc sequestrum. The extruded disc tissue has completely lost its connection to the disc nucleus

What triggers a herniated disc?

The possible triggers for a herniated disc include:

  • natural age-related wear and tear (from... After the age of 20, the water content of the fibrous ring and gelatinous core decreases, making them more susceptible to injuries)
  • incorrect movements (heavy lifting)
  • accidents (falls on the back)

What are possible symptoms of a herniated disc?

The typical symptoms of a herniated disc are: 

  • stabbing, sudden shooting pain
  • depending on the level at which the damaged intervertebral disc is located: pain in the neck radiating to the arms, pain in the back or costal arches or pain in the lumbar area radiating to the legs   
  • Sensation disorders such as tingling or numbness
  • Muscle paralysis
  • Reflex loss
  • In particularly severe cases in the lumbar area: blisters - and continence disorders, impotence, complete paralysis of the legs

The treatment of a herniated disc at Avi Medical

The comprehensive treatment of a stroke begins with the diagnosis. This helps in the acute emergency of simple back pain to distinguish and includes:

  • taking an anamnesis
  • Reflex and sensitivity tests
  • Functional tests (stance, gait) and orthopedic flexion tests
  • in the hospital: X-ray, MRI or CT of the spine

This is followed by multimodal therapy, which combines different approaches. This includes: 

  • Pain therapy
  • Physical exercise
  • Heat therapy
  • Massage
  • for mild herniated discs: strengthening the muscles
  • Information and movement training (proper lifting, carrying, lying down)
  • in emergency situations: admission to the hospital for surgical therapy

And that's it Preventing a herniated disc from occurring in the first place – prevention is an important component for us at Avi Medical > This is made up of the following elements:   

  • sufficient movement
  • Back training
  • regular examinations 
  • maintaining a normal weight